Youth friendly cities and the demographic renewal of the periphery…

The image of a city is defined by its public spaces and its streets. The city, small or large, reflects the will of the administration to improve the quality of spaces suitable for children and young people.

We therefore have to restore the public space as an area of communication-culture-ecology and to provide secure, inclusive, accessible, green public spaces that support creative play, experiential learning, and enhancing the exchange and interaction between all citizens. In this context, priority is given to:

7.1.1. Increasing opportunities for children and young people to be involved in and contribute to the planning of the use of land, expressing their opinion, needs and priorities for their city.
7.1.2. The creation of attractive public spaces of educational importance and value for children and young people (playgrounds, cycling routes), combined with basic infrastructure (benches, toilets, canteens) to make them accessible to families.
7.1.3. Facilitating contact of children and young people with the natural environment.
7.1.4 Regeneration of central city areas and the maintenance of open spaces and their relation with the neighborhood.

Monitoring indicators

  • Percentage of cities with direct participation structures for young people in urban planning and management.
  • Average share of open space in urban areas, open to public use by gender, age and people with disabilities.
  • Percentage of people who feel safe to walk on their own at their area of residence by gender, age and people with disabilities.
  • Percentage of individuals who are victims of physical or sexual harassment incidents, by sex, age, disability in public, in the last 12 months.
  • Percentage of accidents caused at playgrounds, including playgrounds in schools within the last 12 months.
  • Percentage of young people using playgrounds.
  • Percentage of certified playgrounds.
  • Percentage of population living closer than 500m from public recreation, school, market place.
  • Length of pedestrian and cycling network.
  • Percentage of residents in daily walking or cycling activity per gender and age.
  • Number of amenities provided (public toilets, outdoor and indoor seating facilities) for users of public spaces.
  • Percentage of children and young people using bicycles, skates, etc.
  • Percentage of public spaces with internet access.
  • Percentage of satisfied residents in terms of safety and comfort at existing public spaces, by gender, age and people with disabilities.
  • Frequency of social gatherings in public places.

Transportation is a key element of city life, as it facilitates daily life activities, influences the city's micro-climate, shapes patterns and behaviors and directly affects the quality of life and the health of residents. In this context, we must defend equal access of young people to the city's transport system by eliminating obstacles to their day-to-day commuting, as well as promoting positive effects of using sustainable forms of transport. In the same direction, we must pay special attention to road safety education.

7.2.1. Enabling children and young people to participate in the design, monitoring and efficiency of Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans.
7.2.2. Road redevelopment and improved transport infrastructure in order to facilitate the access of young people and special groups to work, education, sports and recreation activities.
7.2.3. Development of awareness programs for young people and their families regarding choosing and using soft modes of transport and to enhancing their traffic education.
7.2.4. Promoting public transport safety and its benefits, such as limiting the risk of road accidents, saving natural resources (such as land use for parking space), reducing pollution.

Monitoring indicators

  • Percentage of land used for urban transport.
  • Number and capacity of park and ride facilities in an area.
  • Total length of soft transport routes.
  • Number of crossings friendly to people with disabilities.
  • Number of bicycle safe parking spaces.
  • Average number of trips using public transport per person per day.
  • Number of persons commuting by gender, age and persons with disabilities.
  • Breakdown of commuting purpose of residents and visitors.
  • Percentage of monthly income spent on commuting by gender, age and people with disability.
  • Percentage of population less than 500m away from public transport station, by sex, age, and people with disabilities.
  • Percentage of population using public transport by gender, age and disability.
  • Percentage of monthly income spent in public transport by gender, age and disability.
  • Percentage of children and young people walking or cycling for school.
  • Percentage of cities with a bicycle share system.
  • Percentage of schools with safe road access.
  • Number of road and traffic safety training programs for per year.
  • Percentage of young people participating in events and campaigns that promote sustainable mobility.
  • Number of households participating in mobility management programs.
  • Percentage of on foot mobility by gender, age and people with disabilities.
  • Number of traffic accidents.
  • Number of road accidents involving pedestrians and cyclists.
  • Percentage of residents, satisfied with the reliability, comfort and safety of public transport, by gender, age and people with disabilities.

One of the key issues that cities will have to face is climate change. Maintaining good ecosystems is fundamental to maintaining biodiversity and mitigation and reducing disaster risk. Urban and rural areas in Greece have many physical characteristics, as well as a wide variety of natural parks, paths and ecosystems.

We ought to give young people opportunities to engage in sustainable management and conservation of natural resources. In this context, priority should be given to:

7.3.1. The development of programs that allow children and young people to experience nature as well as to engage in environmental management activities.
7.3.2. To coordinate youth training institutions on sustainable development issues and support youth initiatives in order to protect the microclimate of the city.
7.3.3. Public-private partnerships to support youth innovation for sustainable consumption and production patterns and the creation of green jobs. Creation of a new local governance and city policy model to support youth entrepreneurship, proposals and experimentation.
7.3.4. The encouragement of young people to live in the periphery through taking measures and incentives that contribute to the demographic renewal of the periphery

Monitoring indicators

  • Percentage of cities with educational programs on sustainable development.
  • Participation of young people in voluntary green action.
  • Percentage of participation of young people in training programs for sustainable development.
  • Percentage of cities with new training programs for sustainable development.
  • Collaborations achieved to support youth initiatives for sustainable consumption and production patterns.
  • Percentage of young people living in rural areas.
  • Percentage of young people active in rural areas.
  • Percentage of young people settling in the periphery and investing in the agricultural sector
  • Percentage of jobs offered to young people compared to total workforce.
  • Percentage of cities that created green jobs for young people in the last year.
  • Exposure to atmospheric and noise pollution.
  • Annual pollutant emissions per person.
  • Level of public support to green structures and networks.

At present, young people are the most digitally skilled generation, creating new challenges to the city's administrative operation. This means that the administrative information and the services / programs offered must be digitally accessible to young people in order to promote their participation.

In this context, priority is given to:

7.4.1. The improvement of access to administrative information provided by local or central government by means of communication that is familiar to young people.
7.4.2. The collection of information on youth from different sources within different administrative departments.
7.4.3. The enhancement of accessibility of services and programs for children and young people and their families. Proximity to residence, cost, diversity and duration of activities, especially art and creative activities, as well as safe venues, are key factors in attracting young people and their families.

Monitoring indicators

  • Permanent population by age group.
  • Percentage of households with web access.
  • Percentage of young people benefited by public services by gender, age, disability, social group. Percentage of people that use municipal administration web services.
  • Percentage of population less than 500m away from essential service facilities.
  • Percentage of population that believes decision-making to be inclusive and responsive to the needs of the population, by gender, age, disability and population.
  • Percentage of population satisfied with public services by gender, age, disability and population.
  • Percentage of people who had at least one bribing related experience with a civil servant during the last year.
  • Percentage of cities publishing an annual report on the state of children and young people in their jurisdiction.
  • Percentage of cities with a youth strategy compatible with the core objectives of the National Strategic Youth '17 -'27.
  • Percentage of cities that organize annual fora for children and adolescents or carry out Youth Weeks.
  • Percentage of cities that have adopted or support intergenerational cooperation programs.
  • Percentage of cities with programs that encourage youth initiatives.
  • Frequency of participation of young people in social or collective actions in their municipality.
  • Percentage of young people who feel excluded because of their economic situation.
  • Percentage of youth participation in organized city walks.
  • Percentage of young people unable to participate in leisure activities because of costs.
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