Reinforce the participation of young people in democratic life -…
5.1.1. Education in the capacity of democratic citizenship within the school, namely: cultivation of moral and social responsibility for young people in order to increase interest in politics and help young people think of themselves as active citizens; political literacy; the rights and obligations of citizens; promotion of a system of principles, values, attitudes and behaviors that are in line with the nature and practices of democracy, etc. We must note that, according to the United Nations, the existence of an integrated system of education on citizenship and the role of voter, at the national level, is one of the ways of measuring political participation.
5.1.2. Education on citizenship within the family. In order to achieve this goal, it is first and foremost necessary to strengthen the democratic functioning of the family itself.
5.1.3. Education on citizenship in the context of non-formal and informal learning activities taking place during young people leisure time, with the contribution of youth workers.
5.1.4. Providing opportunities for active participation in and exercise of active citizenship for young people, especially pupils.
5.1.5. Reduction of the voting age and the age limit to stand as candidate.
5.1.6. Implementing quotas for the participation of young people in electoral lists.
5.1.7. Greater representation of young people in local committees and municipal bodies, encouraging their participation in organizations of all kinds (political, trade union, professional, etc.) as well as in activities aimed at supporting / improving local community.
5.1.8. More and better information offered to young people about existing opportunities for participation, democratic rights, the functioning of political and state institutions, the Greek electoral system and the electoral processes.
- Rates of participation of young people in local, regional and national elections, as well as in the European elections.
- Number of young people, aged 18-30, who have been elected in municipal and regional councils of the country, the Greek Parliament and the European Parliament.
- Levels of participation of young people in civil society organizations, such as sports clubs, youth organizations - including political youth organizations -, cultural associations, trade unions/professional associations, religious organizations, scientific associations, etc.
Volunteering is linked to the participation of young people in at least two ways:
Firstly, volunteering itself is a form of participation based on a sense of solidarity between young people and other social groups about selfless offer to other members of society; secondly, volunteering is a path for more participation in other spheres of democratic life, from education to employment. In addition, volunteering offers significant opportunities for active citizenship, as through it young people take part in the negotiation of social, humanitarian and environmental issues and also acquire a valuable informal learning experience and values such as engaging in dialogue, mutual respect, intercultural understanding and solidarity. Besides, volunteering can provide the means for personal development, self-improvement, while at the same time individuals feel they make an important contribution to the community through volunteering.
In particular, with regard to volunteering, among others, the following must be pursued:
5.2.1. Promotion and recognition of the value of volunteering among young people through targeted information campaigns.
5.2.2. Creation of opportunities for all young people to participate in voluntary activities, including young people with fewer opportunities.
5.2.3. Promotion and development of volunteering, in the context of local administration..
5.2.4. Promotion and development of volunteering in the school context.
5.2.5. Adequate training and preparation, as well as provision of appropriate equipment (where necessary), for young volunteers. This support can be provided by both official state bodies and civil society organizations, provided they have the relevant know-how and competence.
5.2.6. Development of mechanisms for the recognition and certification of the knowledge and skills acquired during the participation of young people in voluntary activities and their link to the education system and employment.
5.2.7. Creation of an adequate legal framework for the education and the insurance coverage of volunteers, as well as the operation, funding and evaluation of voluntary organizations in which young people participate.
- Levels of participation (using percentages) of young people in voluntary organizations at national level.
- Percentages of young people participating in organized voluntary activities at local, national and European level.
- Percentages of young people participating in organized voluntary activities at school.
This involves ensuring the contribution of young people to all stages of the political process; i.e. the development, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policies and programs.
Through the participation of young people in such procedures it is ensured that the policies produced reflect the rights of young people and serve their real interests.
In particular, it is necessary to pursue:
5.3.1. Establishment of youth advisory committees (such as youth forums, youth councils, etc.).
5.3.2. Establishment of structured dialogue mechanisms - fixed and permanent or ad hoc consultations on individual issues - among policy makers and young people.
5.3.3. Opportunities for participation in decision-making structures for all young people.
- Number of consultations held annually between young people and the State on issues affecting them, as well as the percentage of young people taking part in these consultations (e.g. consultations conducted by the various ministries on draft laws, etc.).
- Number of fixed mechanisms (and / or instruments) of dialogue / consultation between policy makers and young people at local and central level.
- Percentage of young people taking part in consultations held locally, under Law 3852/2010.
As research demonstrates, participation levels of young people with fewer opportunities in formal and informal forms of political action tend to be much smaller than those of other young people.
Similarly, the representation of young women in the institutions of representative democracy appears to be much lower than that of young men. Taking these facts into account, it is considered necessary to pursue the following:
5.4.1. Provision of appropriate and targeted information, as young people in this category are often unaware of their rights and the available opportunities offered for active participation. In the same context, special care should be provided for the removal of the various barriers that this group of young people often encounters in their access to information, such as language barriers, inability to use the internet etc.
5.4.2. To train young people with fewer opportunities on skills that are necessary for exercising the status of a democratic citizen.
5.4.3. Provision of ongoing support from specially trained staff and youth workers.
5.4.4. Prioritize funding of actions undertaken by civil society organizations for young people with fewer opportunities.
5.4.5. Promotion of the participation of young people who, because of their employment in specific sectors (e.g. young people servicemen and women, military or police academy students) or their special status (e.g. young prisoners, young people with substance dependencies, etc.) may lack some opportunities, rights and privileges compared to the general youth population.
The indicators for sub-objective 5.1 will be used with emphasis on selected youth groups. In particular, the proportion of young women, young people with disabilities, young people with migrant backgrounds, etc., who have been elected to the municipal councils of the country, the Greek Parliament and the European Parliament, will be measured. An additional indicator will be the number of measures - including legislative - and the programs implemented at central and local level to promote the participation of young people of these groups as well as the total number of young people benefiting from the specific measures and programmes .
Within this sub-target, the following steps are considered necessary:
5.5.1. Promotion of digital literacy of young people and, in general, their familiarity with ICT.
5.5.2. Ensuring all youth groups have access to the internet without discrimination.
5.5.3. Establishment of new structures for online communication between governmental organizations and young people (e.g. between the municipalities and the youth, etc.), using both classical web platforms (e.g. websites, blogs, etc.) and through the use of social media tools and apps that favor direct, interactive and multi-level communication.
5.5.4. Take appropriate initiatives to tackle low participation rates of young people in existing online platforms.
5.5.5. Creating youth attractive digital content, with the participation of young people in the process.
5.5.6. Improved management of the huge amount of information aimed at young people (through the implementation of specific web protocols and other relevant measures, with better training of staff dealing with information trafficking, etc.) so that they can receive the information they really need and avoid getting "lost" amongst useless or even false news.
- Percentage of young people who have access to the internet and are properly trained to make use of the opportunities it provides.
- Percentage of young people using the internet to communicate with public authorities.
- Percentage of young people using the internet (websites, blogs, social networks etc.) to post their views and to engage in dialogue on social and political issues.
- Number of channels for electronic consultation / dialogue with young people at central and local level.